Peace and Security Reform

Restructuring of the peace and security pillar

The overarching goals of the reform are to prioritize prevention and sustaining peace; enhance the effectiveness and coherence of peacekeeping operations and special political missions; move towards a single, integrated peace and security pillar; and align it more closely with the development and human rights pillars to create greater coherence and cross-pillar coordination.

Today’s response to the challenges of tomorrow

Deployed women pilots from Bangladesh pose in front of helicopter

(1 of 3) In 2017, Bangladesh, long one of the largest contributors to UN Peacekeeping, deployed women pilots for the first time when they sent Flight Lieutenants Nayma Haque and Tamanna-E-Lutfi to serve with the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO).

Woman conducts exercise to draw attention to land mines

(2 of 3) In Mogadishu, Somalia, the Explosive Ordnance Disposal team conducted a number of exercises, as part of the International Day of Mine Awareness, in order to draw attention to the large number of mines, unexploded ordnance (UXOs), and explosive remnants of war that still exist in the country.

Civilians pass by large pile of collected armaments

(3 of 3) Disarming and demobilizing ex-combatants and reintegrating them into society as civilians is fundamental to establishing peace and strengthening the rule of law in conflict-affected countries. These activities lay the groundwork for safeguarding and sustaining the communities.

5 elements of the Reform

Creating a Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs and a Department of Peace Operations

Creating a single political-operational structure under Assistant Secretaries-General with regional responsibilities, reporting to the Under-Secretaries-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs and for Peace Operations

Establishing a Standing Principals’ Group of the Secretary-General and the Under-Secretaries-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs and for Peace Operations

Enhancing certain priority areas to ensure coherence and coordination across the peace and security pillar

Introducing several non-structural changes in the way the peace and security pillar works.

What is the role of the new departments?

The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) would combine the strategic, political and operational responsibilities of the current Department of Political Affairs (DPA) and the peacebuilding responsibilities of the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO). DPPA would have global responsibility for political and peacebuilding issues, and would manage a spectrum of tools and engagements across the conflict continuum to ensure a more holistic approach to conflict prevention and resolution, electoral assistance, peacebuilding and sustaining peace. It will provide strategic, political, operational and management advice, direction and backstopping to all special political missions.

The Department of Peace Operations (DPO) would serve as an integrated “centre of excellence” for United Nations Peace operations, be responsible for preventing, responding to and managing conflict and sustaining peace in the context of mandates in countries where peace operations under its purview are deployed. This includes facilitating and implementing political agreements, providing integrated strategic, political, operational and management advice, direction and support to peace operations; developing political, security and integrated strategies, leading integrated analysis and planning of peace operations and backstopping those operations.

Resources

More reform proposals (Ask Dag)

Vision of the UN Peace and Security Pillar

The Unites Nations faces new challenges in ensuring peace and security, promoting sustainable development, protecting human rights and delivering humanitarian aid. Today’s conflicts cause immense human suffering, increased human casualties, displacement, often reversing hard-fought political, human rights and development gains and putting the Sustainable Development Goals at risk.

This rapidly shifting global landscape prompted the Secretary-General to lead a series of inter-related reforms, including a restructuring of the peace and security pillar. This was designed to make the pillar more coherent, pragmatic, nimble and effective, capable of collaboration with partners across the UN system and outside it to prevent violent conflict.

Read the Vision of the UN Peace and Security Pillar